arctic_blog

How the US invades the Arctic region

On May 6-7  Finland hosted the 11th Arctic Council Ministerial Meeting. After this  meeting it became clear that the United States of America see the Arctic  as a battlefield against Russia and China. Besides, the White House is  not interested in solving global international problems and is pursuing  exclusively economic and military interests in the region. 

Thus, the US Secretary of State M.  Pompeo stated that Russia and China pose a global threat to the security  and safety in the Arctic and proposed to include this question in the  annual agenda. By this initiative the American politician violated a  number of the Organization’s statutory documents prohibiting the Arctic  Council from dealing with military security issues.

Indeed, China and Russia are the two  main rivals of the United States in the Arctic. Their cooperation is  hindering Washington’s imperialist ambitions realization. The exhausting  trade war with Beijing, the growing military power of Moscow, and plans  of the two superpowers to connect the Russian Northern Sea Route (NSR)  with the Chinese Maritime Silk Road (MSR) put an end to the American  idea of domination in the Arctic. In this regard, the United States  increases military presence in the north. Sending warships as part of  the operation FONOP (“to ensure freedom of navigation”) is a new step of  Washington to destabilize the situation in the region.

It should be noted that the US Navy have  repeatedly committed provocative actions in the Arctic to promote  geopolitical interests. In particular, America regularly provokes Canada  with the Northwest Passage (NWP), which, as Ottawa claims, are the  country’s interior waters. At the meeting in Finland, M. Pompeo once  again outlined the position of the United States regarding NWP and  exacerbated the situation. The White House has repeatedly sent its fleet  to the Arctic and intends to do it once again. However, this is the  only part of the US military strategy in the region. Over the past few  months of 2019, Washington held and announced the implementation of a  whole number of activities for the development of the north. So, in  January, M.Pompeo visited Iceland for the first time during the last  eleven years. The delegation’s visit to a small country cannot be called  accidental because Iceland will be the next chairman of the Arctic  Council. More over the resumption of the work of the American consular  service in Greenland closed in 1953 is planned. By the way, on its  territory the northernmost US military base Tula is located. In  addition, The US Command has allocated funds for the construction of six  large icebreakers that will the first icebreakers for the last 43  years. US icebreaking fleet will increase in four times (from 2 to 8).  The revival of the Adak naval base in Alaska is one of the largest  military programs that were announced by the Pentagon. It is expected  that ships, that US plans to send in summer under the pretext of  "ensuring freedom of navigation" will depart at Adak naval base.    

Thus, the White House continues its  policy of expansionism giving priority to the Arctic zone. The central  role in the militarization of the region is played by the naval forces   for the renewal of which huge sums are spent. While the icebreakers are  not built and the bases are not fully restored, the Pentagon will  develop new operations to create provocations in the Arctic.

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